According to the State Statistics Committee, the Minimum consumption expenditure accounted for 498 thousand sums per month per person.
On May 31, 2021, according to the survey for 2020, in 5.4 thousand households, the estimated minimum consumer spending at 2021 prices accounted for 440 thousand sums (food - 69% and non-food costs - 31%), which was announced for the first time in Uzbekistan.
The procedure for calculating the MCS was determined by the government decree "On the introduction of the procedure for calculating the amount of minimum consumer spending" of August 27, 2021.
MCS was calculated based on the results of a survey of 10.6 thousand households across the country, which were divided into 10 groups according to the amount of expenditure. Among them 30% were identified as households with the lowest income and expenses.
As a result of the survey, it was calculated that the minimum per capita consumption of food (2200 kcal) and the necessary non-food goods and services in these households is 498 thousand sums per person per month. Expenditures on the necessary consumption of non-food goods and services were also taken into account.
In world practice, the use of the minimum consumption indicator as a poverty line is widespread, which looks as follows:
- identification of target groups (targeting) of the population in need of material and other social assistance from the state;
- the use of the poverty line in the country, taking into account the real consumer characteristics and the needs of the population of the target groups;
- increasing the effectiveness and relevance of the tasks and measures outlined in the strategies and programs to combat poverty, as well as their regular monitoring;
- determination of the minimum amount of pensions and benefits, as well as other types of material assistance to low-income families.
Earlier, the Center for Economic Research and Reforms (CERR) compared the minimum consumer spending in Uzbekistan and other countries, which showed that the level of the MCS is 27% of the level of GDP per capita. For comparison, in Kazakhstan this figure is 11%, in Turkey 17%, in Russia 19%.