Stable and efficient operation of transport is a foundation for high rates of economic growth, ensuring the integrity of the country, national security, improving the living standards of the population and the rational integration of Uzbekistan into the world economy.
Transportation services are a complex economic system that covers all passenger and freight services by air, land and water. For the effective organization of transport services, it is necessary to study the factors influencing the formation of demand for freight and passenger transport.
On February 1, 2019, the Ministry of Transport was established and designated as a public administration to improve the system of public transport, increase the investment attractiveness and export potential of the republic, strategic development of transport communications and sustainable operation.
Following the establishment of the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry developed and submitted for approval the Law "On Transport" and the "Strategy for the development of the transport system of the Republic of Uzbekistan until 2030", which are important for the development of all modes of transport and road infrastructure.
Also, in order to strengthen the regulatory framework in the field of transport and road facilities in 2017-2020, a total of 32 regulatory documents were prepared.
Dynamics of key indicators
The volume of freight and passenger traffic in our country has grown significantly over the past four years. In particular, at the end of 2020 the volume of freight traffic will reach 1,316.0 mln. tons (121.7% compared to 2017), the freight turnover amounted to 40.2 billion. ton/km. (109.5 percent).
- Cargo transportation by road – 1,245.6 mln.tons, freight turnover - 16.1 billion tons/km;
- Cargo transportation by rail - 70.4 mln.tons, cargo turnover - 24.0 billion. ton/km;
- Cargo transportation by air - 5.1 thousand.tons,
freight turnover increased by 219.1 million tons/km.
In addition, the volume of passenger traffic by road, rail, air and electric transport at the end of 2019 amounted to 6.03 billion. passengers (106.1 percent compared to 2017), and by the end of 2020 - 5.24 billion. passengers (92.3 percent compared to 2017).
In recent years, there has been an increase in the dynamics of export-import and transit cargo (international cargo) transportation by road in Uzbekistan.
In 2017, international freight traffic totaled 32.2 million tons of international cargo, by 2020 this figure will reach 47.1 mln. tons. In particular, the volume of international freight in 2020 increased by 167% compared to 2017. From this, export cargo increased by 183% in 4 years, import cargo by 197% and transit cargo increased by 108 percent.
In the field of road transport
In order to provide transport services to the population and to improve the system of bus transportation in cities and villages, 394 new local bus routes were opened in 2017-2020.
As a result of the ongoing reforms, a total of 32 regular international bus services have been launched to neighboring Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Russian Federation.
In the field of railway transport
Uzbekistan Railways has disbursed 20.75 trillion soums within the investment programs for 2017-2020. As a result, 16 projects were launched. In particular, the opening of the Angren-Pop railway section, passenger trains have been launched on the new routes Tashkent-Andijan, Andijan-Moscow, Andijan-Khiva, Andijan-Bukhara, Andijan-Termez.
Due to the opening of a new railway section Bukhara-Misken in order to develop passenger traffic, the time of trains Tashkent-Kungrad, Tashkent-Shovot, Tashkent-Khiva, Andijan-Khiva and the arrival of passengers was reduced from 2 to 4 hours. The Bukhara-Khiva domestic route and new international routes Tashkent-Kazan, Tashkent-Moscow, Andijan-Ufa and Termez-Moscow have been launched.
In order to develop the Tashkent metro, 3 major projects are being implemented.
On May 19, 2017, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan signed a resolution to implement the project “Construction of overground metro lines in Tashkent".
On the basis of this document, Uzbekistan Railways built 2.9 km of Turkiston and Yunusabad underground metro stations and 11.5 km of Dustlik-Kuylik underground line in 2020. Currently, this route is used by more than 15,000 passengers a day.
In the field of aviation
In 2019, as part of the reform of the aviation system, 11 international airports in the country have been evaluated and transformed into limited liability companies.
In 2017-2020, Uzbekistan Airways purchased 3 new Boeing-787 and 2 new A-320 NEO aircraft, bringing the number of modern airlines to 29.
In order to develop international cooperation and create convenience for passengers in 2019:
New interline agreements were signed with Air India (India) and Malindo Air (Malaysia);
The existing code-lion contract with Alitalia (Italy) has been revised and new routes have been added;
Execution of the plan for the export of transport services.
A total of $3 bln was spent between 2017 and 2020. $892 mln worth of transport services were exported, including:
railway transport services - $1.86 bln;
road transport services - $77.42 mln;
air transport services - $1.94 bln.
From August 1, 2020, the "Open Skies" mode was introduced, which provides foreign airlines with the fifth level of "air freedom" at the regional and international airports of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, and the seventh level of "air freedom" for cargo airlines at Navoi and Termez international airports.